Caroline Di Bernardi Luft, apoiada pela Fundação BIAL no âmbito do projeto 138/18 – The neural signatures of leadership: Two-brain directed synchronization during eye-contact, demonstrou que o contacto visual afeta a frequência e a direção da sincronização cerebral, e que esta sincronização difere entre díades. O artigo que detalha estes resultados “Social synchronization of brain activity increases during eye-contact” foi publicado na revista científica Communications Biology.
“Humans make eye-contact to extract information about other people’s mental states, recruiting dedicated brain networks that process information about the self and others. Recent studies show that eye-contact increases the synchronization between two brains but do not consider its effects on activity within single brains. Here we investigate how eye-contact affects the frequency and direction of the synchronization within and between two brains and the corresponding network characteristics. We also evaluate the functional relevance of eye-contact networks by comparing inter- and intra-brain networks of friends vs. strangers and the direction of synchronization between leaders and followers. We show that eye-contact increases higher inter- and intra-brain synchronization in the gamma frequency band. Network analysis reveals that some brain areas serve as hubs linking within- and between-brain networks. During eye-contact, friends show higher inter-brain synchronization than strangers. Dyads with clear leader/follower roles demonstrate higher synchronization from leader to follower in the alpha frequency band. Importantly, eye-contact affects synchronization between brains more than within brains, demonstrating that eye-contact is an inherently social signal. Future work should elucidate the causal mechanisms behind eye-contact induced synchronization.”